Cavalcante de Cavalcani was a merchant banker who was denounced as a heretic for his atheist beliefs. He resided with the other heretics among the Flaming Tombs.
The real-life Cavalcante de Cavalcani was a Florentine banker and a member of the Guelph faction (Dante Alighieri's own political alignment). Cavalcanti's son, Guido was even a close friend of Dante. However, Cavalcanti lent money at extreme rates during the Crusades and despite his alliance with the Guelphs, he was considered a heretic. He died in the year, 1280.
- In The Inferno, Dante and Virgil behold and speak with the shade of Cavalcante de Cavalcanti as they travel through the fiery tombs of the sixth circle.
- The historic Cavalcante de Cavalcanti's son, Guido, was married to the daughter of a fellow damned soul, Farinata degli Uberti. According to the original epic, the burning tombs of Cavalcanti and Farinata are right next to each others'.
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