|Creatures||All from Previous Circles|
|Locations|| The River Styx|
City of Dis
Anger is the fifth Circle of Hell.
Dante continues to search for Beatrice in the fifth circle and confronts the boatman Phlegyas, a giant, flaming demon who Dante unknowingly rides across the River Styx, a toxic marsh which eternally drowns those overcome with rage while alive. Those who expressed anger (the wrathful) attack each other on the swamp's surface, while those who repressed anger (the sullen) eternally drown beneath the marsh. Escaping the behemoth's fury, he rides atop Phlegyas into the City of Dis, guarded by the powerful Fallen Angels, to the lower circles.
Areas of the CircleEdit
- Phlegyas: "Behold the Power of Phlegyas, Guardian of the River Styx. Only he may grant passage across the swamp, to the city of darkness and the circles below."
- The River Styx: "The Styx, a toxic marsh. Those awash with anger drown again and again, choking on their own venom."
- The City of Dis: "The City of Dis holds Hell's deepest secrets and the worst violent and treacherous sinners. The fallen angels guard its walls and flaunt his kingdom."
- In "Inferno", Dante encounters Filippo Argenti. When it comes to the City of Dis, Dante encounters the Fallen Angels, the Furies, and Medusa. Virgil also mentioned to Dante on how the witch Erichtho sent him down to the lowest circle of Hell to bring back a spirit from there.
- In mythology, the river Styx ("Hateful") was not a swamp but a river of the Underworld, inhabited by nymphs. The river was named after one such nymph, Styx, who save Zeus's life during the Titanomachy. In gratitude to her, Zeus decreed the river Styx sacred, and any who made a vow on that river was to keep that vow at all cost. Breaking a vow made on the river Styx would result in death for mortal beings, and prolonged incapacitation for a god. Furthermore, as shown in the myth of Achilles, a human who was bathed in the waters of the Styx became physically impermeable to weapons.
- Anger is derived from the Latin word Ira, and is defined as uncontrollable rage to the point of wishing or actually inflicting harm to others. It is categorized as a Deadly Sin due to the fact that, if unchecked, Anger can lead to the physical and emotional injury or death of others, and possibly the sinner as well. In addition, in a rage, people often cannot distinguish friend from foe and may strike out at anyone within their reach.
- In the Divine Comedy, sunken beneath the Stygian waters were not the Sullen, but the Slothful. This was the only circle designated to two of the Seven Deadly Sins rather than one.
- According to Dante, Anger was a righteous desire for Justice, perverted into an obsessive rage for immediate action against both the innocent and the guilty. Since it is not a sin derived from Divine Love, such as Lust, Gluttony and Greed, it is placed below these sins.
- Unlike the Sullen, Slothfulness is not related to repressed anger. The Deadly Sin of Sloth (Acedia in Latin) is a lack of care or indifference towards others and the world, to the point of seeing only negativity in the world. This is considered a Deadly Sin as the sinner fails to see or care about the goodness God has placed in the world around them. As such, in Hell, they are sunken under the marsh water, because they cannot see the point of trying to rise above the surface and save themselves from drowning.
- Slothfulness, in Dante's view, is in direct opposition to the sins derived from Divine Love. His works consider Sloth to be derived from a lack of Divine Love for the world God made, which places it below the sins of Lust, Gluttony and Greed.
- This is the final circle of Hell to be associated with the Seven Deadly Sins.
|Nine Circles of Hell|
|Limbo · Lust · Gluttony · Greed · Anger · Heresy · Violence · Fraud · Treachery|